Toledo Y Dubois, Jose Alvarez De
TOLEDO Y DUBOIS, JOSÉ ÁLVAREZ DE (1779–1858). José Álvarez de Toledo y Dubois, politician, propagandist, and short-term commander of Texas forces in revolt against Spain, was born on May 14, 1779, in Havana, Cuba, the son of Luis de Toledo y Liche, a Spanish naval officer and native of Seville. Toledo was educated at the Escuela Naval de Cádiz in Spain and served in both the Spanish (1806–07) and British (1808) navies. He was elected a representative from Santo Domingo to the Cortes at Cádiz, but his support of independence for the American colonies led to his exile in 1811.